The records on this page are extracted from local histories in fragile condition at the NYPL, from which I can only hand-copy extracts. The material is out of copyright. What I have chosen for these page relates to two genealogical quests: connections to Sir John Hawkins (of Armada fame) of Plymouth, Devonshire; and connections to Richard Parker who emigrated to Virginia, whose records there are mainly in Henrico and Goochland counties mid-1600s to the first years of the 1700s.
Footnotes have been inserted into the text in [ ] brackets, and source notes - and my occasional asides - in ( ).
The Cornwall Register:
containing collections relative to the past and present state of the 209 parishes, forming the county, archdeaconry, parliamentary division, and poor law union of Cornwall; to which is added a brief view of the adjoining towns and parishes in Devon from Hartland to Plymouth. By John Wallis, A.M., F.S.S., Vicar of Bodmin and Official of the Archdeaconry of Cornwall. Bodmin, Liddell & Son, 1847.
Parish of Alternon, or Altarnun
The manor of Trelawny was the original seat of the ancient family of that name. The barton, with a deer park annexed, was the residence of Sir John Trelawny, a distinguished military character in the reign of Henry V.
St Germans Union
Parish of Landrake, or Lanrake
vulgarly called Larrick, is bounded by St Erney, St Germans, Quethiock, Botesfleming, and the two parts of St Stephens by Saltash. It is limited on the northeast by the Lynher, and abounds with beautiful scenery. Part of the village of Tideford is in this parish.
The church, with its lofty tower, is very conspicuous, being situated on the top of a hill, adjoining the road from Saltash to Liskeard. In it is an effigy, engraved on brass, of Edward Courtenay, Esq, who died in 1509.
Wotton House, which had a domestic chapel, passed from the Wottons, Courtenays, Rouses and Blakes, to the late Francis O'Dogherty, Esq, Col in the marines.
Parish of St Stephens by Saltash
This beautiful parish is bounded by Landulph, Botesfleming, Landrake, St Erney, Sheviock, and Antony; and is severed by the Tamar from the Devonshire parishes of Tamerton and St Budeaux, partly in Cornwall.
The manor of Shillingham passed from Ferrers, Bonville and Horsey to the Bullers, and is now the property of James Wentworth Buller, Esq of Downes. There are some remains of the chapel of the old mansion.
There are valuable charities belonging to this parish, given by Sir John Hayward, Knt of Rochester, in 1635, and by Mrs. Ellen Mabbot, in 1771.
The town of Saltash, formerly called Esse, or Asheburgh, was made a free borough, temp. John or Henry III, by Reginald de Valletort, who confirmed the privileges enjoyed under his ancestors. New charters were obtained in 1682 and 1774.
On account of the plague, the Cornwall assizes were held at Saltash in 1393. [Was that as opposed to Exeter?]
There is a ferry across the Tamar at Saltash. ... The width of the river here is about 3/4 mile; at this point both banks are in Cornwall.
During the civil war, from 1642 to 1646, Saltash, an important post, was frequently taken and re-taken by each party.
There is a chapel of ease in the town, dedicated to St Nicholas.
The tithes of this parish, commuted at L1298, belong, like those of St Germans, to the lessee of the Dean and Chapter of Windsor, to whom, with the patronage of the vicarage, they were given by the Black Prince.
Vicars instituted: ... 1705 Feb 25 John Hawkens ...
In the church are monuments of ... Edward Trelawny, Archdeacon of Exeter, who died 1726, age 75 ...
Vicars: ... 1677, Trelawny, 1678, Snell, ...
anciently Hamstoke, is bounded by Alternon, St Cleer, Liskeard, St Pinnock, Broadoak, Warleggan, Temple and Blisland. It is the largest parish in Cornwall, excepting Alternon.
The Court of the Archdeacon of Cornwall was held at St Neot, which lies on the old road from Bodmin to Liskeard, till 1753, when it was removed to Lostwithiel, and thence to Bodmin in 1773.
commonly called Plint, is bounded by Duloe, Talland, Lansallis and Lanreath.
The manor of Trelawny passed from the families of Bodrugan, Champernowne, Polglass, and Herle, to Lord Bonville, who on 31 Dec 1460, at the battle of Wakefield, witnessed the death of his son, Sir William Bonville, and of his grandson, William Lord Harrington; and in the February following, being himself taken prisoner at the second Battle of St Albans, was beheaded by order of the Queen. The only daughter of Lord Harrington brought Trelawny to the Marquis of Dorset, on the attainder of whose grandson, Henry, Duke of Suffolk, it was seized by the Crown.
Trelawny was purchased of the Crown, in 1600, by Sir Jonathan Trelawny, of Pool, in Menheniot, who made it his residence. Trelawny in Alternon was the original seat of the family. Sir John Trelawny, son of Sir Jonathan, was created a baronet in 1628; his grandson, Sir Jonathan, made Bishop of Bristol in 1685, was one of the seven prelates committed to the Tower by James II, 8 June 1688.
"Trelawny lies in keep and hold,
Trelawny, he may die,
But 20,000 Cornish bold,
will know the reason why."
After the revolution, he was translated to Exeter, and in 1707 to WInchester, when he was appointed Prelate of the Order of the Garter; he died on 21 June 1721.
Parish of Morval
is bounded by Duloe, Liskeard, Menheniot, St Germans, and St Martins by Looe.
The manor of Morval belonged to Sir Hugh de Morville, of Cumberland, one of the murderers of Becket, and afterwards to the Glynns. In 1471, John Glynn, Esq was barbarously murdered, at Higher Wringworthy, by the retainers of Clemens, whom he had superseded as under-steward of the Duchy. See Lusons, p 241, for full particulars of the lawless state of Cornwall at that time, and for a schedule of the furniture and stock of Mr Glynn's house, which had been plundered by the same parties a few months before the murder.
The manor of Morval passed, from the Glynns and Coodes, to a younger branch of the Bullers, who, in 1710, succeeded to the Shillingham estate. James Buller, Esq of Shillingham and Morval, who died in 1765, left Morval to his second son, the father of John Buller Esq who now resides in the ancient mansion at Morval: he was sheriff in 1835-6. His uncle, the distinguished Judge, Sir Francis Buller, Bart, who died in 1800, see p 241, was born here. The ramifications of the numerous familiy are shewn in the pedigree, called The Buller Tree.
From A Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor
by John Maclean. 1876
Manors of Newton and Bodwen
|The Rentall of the Manor of Boconnon||High Rents||L||the suit and service|
|... Jewell pay it, now Robt. Crap||Jas Parker, now Bouster, for a house in Boor St.||1 shilling|| - 6|
Parishes of Lanteglos and Advent
Family Histories: Cock of Camelford
In 1578 John Cock acquired the advowson of the rectory of Bliston, and as John Cock of Camelford, gent., presented to that benefice in 1581, while in 1606, Christopher Cock, his son and heir, sold the advowson to William Parker, afterwards Archdeacon of Cornwall.
Family Histories: Opie of Parke in Egloshayle
Elizabeth, daughter of Wm Parker of St Mabyn, born the 1st, baptized there the 15th April 1657, married 1 July 1682 John Opie, son and heir and executor to his father's will (proved 20 Jul 1702), buried 16 Apr 1741 aged 85; administration granted to John Opie her son 4 Sep 1747 Exeter.
Parish of Lanowe, alias St Kew
...the Rectory and the Advowson of the Vicarage both came into the possession of Nicholas Sprey of Bodmin, Gent., who assigned the next presentation to Wm Inch of St Kew, Gent. [ It should be here noted that on 30 Mar 1630/1 a caveat was lodged in the Bishop's Court against the institution of any person to the Vicarage of St Kew without first calling James Parker of Warlegh, Esq, the true (as is asserted) and indubitable patron of the said Vicarage, to shew cause against it by his proctor, Christopher Babb. (Act Book B, Bishops' Registry, Exeter) ]
CARMINOW and COURTENAY Notes
Parish of Helland
Family Histories: Glyn alias Glynn
... The fee of the Manor of Glyn was long held by the family of Montacute. Sir John de Monte Acuto died thereof seized 13 Richard II (1390), as did John de Monte Acuto in 10 Henry IV (1409), and under these chief Lords, the Manor of Glyn during this period was held by the family of Carminowe. John Carminow held it in 1317 (Rot. Cart., 2 Edw II). John Carminowe, Esq -- son and heir of John Carminowe, Esq who was the son of Wm Carminowe, Esq, the son of Ralph Carminowe who died seized of the manor in 10 Richard II (1409, says Maclean, but that would be 1386!) -- died thereof seized on 6 May 1418, when his uncle Thomas Carminowe was found to be his heir (Inq PM 8 Henry V #99). On the death of Thomas Carminowe on Wednesday next before Christmas 1442 (Inq PM 21 Henry VI #46), the Manor of Glynne, inter alia, passed to Hugh Courtenay of Haccombe, son and heir of Hugh Courtenay of the same by Margaret, one of the daughters and co-heirs of the said Thomas Carminowe, and though Edward Courtenay suffered a recovery therein to Halnathan Maleverer in 1479, it was parcel of the possessions forfeited by Henry, Marquis of Exeter in 1539. It has been stated [Lysons' Mag Brit III 57] that the Manor of Glyn was carried into the family of Carmynowe by the marriage of Sir John Carminowe, Knt, who died in 1331, with Joane, daughter and heir of Sir John Glyn, Knt., and we find such an alliance upon record (Brit Mus. Cotton Coll. Cl. xj ).
Parish of Lanowe, alias St Kew
Manor of Penpont
The Manors of Boconnoc, Glyn, and Penpont were held of the Manor of Lantyan by the family of Carminowe. On the death of Ralph Carminowe, Chr., on 9 Oct 1386, it was found that he was seized in fee and demesne, inter alia, of the Manors of Bodconnock, Glyn, Penpont and Tregesteyntyn, which he held of John Montagev, Chr., by military service, and the value per annum was L40, and that William Carmynov, brother of the said Ralph, was his nearest heir and was aged 31 years and more. Thomas Carmynow, second son of William and heir of his nephew John Carminowe, son of John who died 6 May 8 Henry V, s.p., died in 1423 (other records indicate this is an error and that he died 1442), leaving two daughters, coheirs, Margaret, the elder, being the wife of Hugh Courtenay of Boconnoc, son and heir of Sir Hugh Courtenay, late of Haccombe, Knt., aged 20 and more, and Johanna, wife of Thomas, son of Sir Nicholas Carew, Knt., aged 15 years and more. Upon the inquisition taken after his death, it was found that he had by several charters settled his estates upon his two daughters and their respective husbands, and the heirs of their bodies, and that he was entitled to the reversion, inter alia, of the Manor of Penpont, which Johanna wife of Thomas Bodulgat, late wife of John Carminow, son and heir of John Carminow, Esq, brother of the said Thomas, and then living, held in dower of the heirs of the said Thomas, and which to the said Thomas descended by the death of the aforesaid John, son of John as uncle and heir of the said John, and it was found that the said manor was held of the Earl of Sarum, as of his Manor of Lanytan (Inq PM 21 Jenry VI #46). Johanna wife of Thomas Bodulgat died 17 Mar 1453/4, and it was found upon the usual inquisition that she held in dower, inter alia, the Manor of Penpont of Sir Hugh Courtenay, Knt., and Margaret his wife, and Thomas Carew, Esq, and Johanna his wife, as of the right of the said Margaret and Johanna, daughters and heirs of the aforesaid Thomas Carminow (Inq PM 33 Henry VI #10).
In the partition of the estates the Manor of Penpont inter alia fell to the share of Sir Hugh Courtenay, whose son Sir Edward Courtenay, Knt., was created Earl of Devon in 1485. His son Sir William married the Princess Katherine of York, seventh daughter of King Edward IV, and had a son, Sir Henry Courtenay, 11th Earl of Devon, who in 1525 was created Marquess of Exeter, and being attainted and beheaded on 9 Jan 1538/9, his estates, inter alia, the Manor of Penpont, became forfeited to the Crown. Queen Mary, however, in the first year of her reign, restored the Earldom of Devon to his son Sir Edward Courtenay and his heirs male; (the earldom remained unclaimed until 1831 when it was recovered by Sir William Courtenay, Bart, 3rd Viscount Courtenay, upon whose death unmarried in 1835, the title descended to his second cousin, the father of the present earl), and for better support of his dignity, by Letters Patent dated 28 Sep 1554 (Rot. Pat. 1 Mary, Part x.m.28) granted divers lands and manors, inter alia, the Manors of Tynten, Penpont, Glyn and Brodoke, to hold, unlike the limitation of the Patent for the Earldom the dignity of which the lands were designed to support, to his and the heirs male of his body. He died at Padua, of the ague (my aside: some suggest poison!), 18 Dec 1556, unmarried, when his lands reverted to the Crown.
Family Histories: Prideaux
...In 1432, however, John Prideaux of Orcharton, Esq, and Elizabeth his wife suffered a fine int he manor of Brodoke and the church of the said manor to Thomas Carminowe, Esq, to hold to the said Thomas Carminowe and his heirs of the said John and Elizabeth at the annual rent of one rose, in default of issue remainder to Nicholas Carminowe and his heirs, in default to Walter Carminowe and his heirs, in default to revert to the said John and Elizabeth and the heirs of John Prideaux of Orcharton. He attested a deed in 1437. In virtue of the last of the above recited fines, the manor and advowson of Brodoke passed to Thomas Carminowe of Boconnoc, and from him descended to Sir Hugh Courtenay, who married Margaret, one of the two daughters and coheirs of the said Thomas Carminowe, which Sir Hugh Courtenay presented to the benefice in 1464. ...Richard Prideaux of Thuborough was twice married -- by his first wife, Grace, daughter of Nicholas Carminowe of Resprin, he left a son Jonathan and other children; by his second wife, Zenobia Nansperian ...
From The History of the Borough of Liskeard and its vicinity
by John Allen. London, Cash, 1856.
Liskeard: parish, borough and town in the Hundred of West, Union of Liskeard, County of Cornwall. Official name: Liskerett alias Liskeard, sometimes written Leskeard. Weekly market on Saturday.
Members of Parliament from Liskeard
Selected names of genealogical interest to Hawkins and to Parker researchers.
|Calendar Year||Reign Year||Member|
|1421||9 Henry V||John Trelawny|
|1552||6 Edward VI||John Trelawny Jr|
|1585||28 Elizabeth I||Jonathan or John Trelawny|
|1588||31 Elizabeth I||Jonathan or John Trelawny|
|1592||35 Elizabeth I||Jonathan or John Trelawny|
|1620||18 James I||Nicholas Hele|
|1623||21 James I||Nicholas Hele|
|1625||1 Charles I||Nicholas Hele|
|1679||31 Charles II||John Buller|
Sir J Trelawny, Knt
John Buller was the first of the Buller family who sat for Liskeard. He married the daughter of Walter Coad of Morval and settled there. He had represented West Looe before.
Sir John Trelawny, Knight, lived at the Trelawny family seat in the parish of Pelynt.
Excerpt from Chapter 6: The Civil Wars of Charles I and II
Writing of Charles I versus the parliament, page 75 on:
...Sir John Eliot of St Germans, an ardent patriot, having been knighted by King James in 1618, had already, for his opposition to the king's despotic measures, been imprisoned in the Tower; where he died in 1632; the family being refused the melancholy satisfaction of bringing his body to Cornwall for interment.
At the first open rupture between the king and parliament, the disposition of the Devonians was not so favorable to royalty as that of the Cornish. On the side of the king were Sir Bevil Grenville or Granville, of Kilkhampton, who was one of his generals, Sir Nicholas Slanning, governor of Pendennis Castle, Col. John Trevanion of Carhayes, John Arundell Esq of Trerice, Francis Bassett Esq of Tehidy, Sir John Trelawny of Trelawne, Major Kendal of Pelyn, Oliver Saule Esq, and others. The Pypers of Liskeard were also zealous royalists. Lord Mohun and some others were at first undecided. The few forces which Charles I sent into the west, under the command of Sir Ralph Hopton, were joined in Cornwall by Sir Bevil Grenville, and stationed at Truro. The cause of the parliament was actively espoused by Sir Richard Buller of Morval, one of the members for the county, William Coryton Esq of St Mellion, who represented Launceston, Sir Alexander Carew of Anthony, and Lord Robartes of Lanhydrock. These gentlemen secured possession of the eastern part of the county; placing garrisons in Launceston and Saltash, so that the committee of parliament believed themselves masters of Cornwall. Secure also in their hold on Devonshire, they drew off their forces to Launceston, in order to prevent the escape of Sir Ralph Hopton and his adherents, whose power they thought contemptible, presenting them to the sessions as unknown breakers of the peace. But Sir Ralph, boldly going to Launceston, and having the feelings of the county in his favour, was soon recruited with a body of 3000 foot, being the posse comitatus. On this, Sir Richard Buller retreated before him, the royalists took Saltash, and Lord Mohun of Boconnoc, declaring for the king, was admitted to a joint command with Sir Ralph Hopton, Sir John Berkeley, and Col Ashburnham. Thus nearly all Cornwall was in possession of the royalists early in the winter of 1642-3.
See the chronology of the Civil War in Cornwall as published in The Cornwall Register transcribed here.
Excerpts from Biographical Notices and Ancient Families
Hele / Heale
Nicholas Hele, of Bray in Morval, was returned to Parliament three times for Liskeard in the reigns of James I and Charles I. Sir J. Hele was Counsellor of the borough in 1604. The family were of good repute in Devonshire, and were succeeded at Bray by the Mayows. Two branches, Hele or Heale, lived in Blisland and at Bennetts near Stratton. George Heale was sheriff of Cornwall in 1628. The heiress married Bassett of Tehidy about 1674.
Sir John Trelawny, of Trelawny in Altarnun, also distinguished himself with his retainers at Agincourt, and received from the King a pension of L20 for his personal services. He represented Liskeard in parliament, as other individuals of this family often did from 1420 to 1722, when the Eliot influence prevailed.
Sir Jonathan Trelawny was knighted in 1597 by Queen Elizabeth, who appointed him collector of subsidies, and granted him in 1600 the manor of Trelawny with other lands. He repeatedly sat in parliament for the county, as also for Liskeard, of which he was named recorder by Queen Elizabeth's charter in 1597. To his eldest son John he gave Trelawny, and to his second son Edward he left Coldrinnick. The latter property afterwards came by devise to H. St George Darell, and to Darell Crabb, both of whom took the name of Trelawny. Sir Jonathan died suddenly in 1604, during the session of parliament, when the members generally attended his funeral, to testify their respect for his character. John Trelawny, the eldest son, was born at Hall near Fowey in 1592, and created a baronet by Charles I in 1628.
Sir Jonathan, his grandson, the third baronet, was the celebrated Bishop Trelawny, one of the six bishops, who with the archbishop were committed by James II to the Tower, for expressing in a petition their unwillingness to publish his declaration for liberty of conscience, because they thought it arbitrary and specially designed to favour the papists. After the revolution he was promoted to the See of Exeter, and in 1721 he died Bishop of Winchester. [footnote: Under the king's Quo Warranto he was displaced in 1688 for being a burgess of Liskeard. See pp 320-1. The prompt acquittal of the bishops seems alone to have prevented the people of Cornwall from rising in arms; when the well-known lines were on many of their lips: --
"Trelawny lies in keep and hold,
Trelawny, he may die,
But 20,000 Cornish bold,
will know the reason why."
The Trelawny family often represented East and West Looe in the House of Commons. They are said to hold a large mass of ancient and curious family records at Trelawny House.
Sir Hugh Courtenay of Boconnoc obtained that seat in 1416, through his mother Emelin Dawnay of Sheviock. He was slain at the battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, while fighting in the Lancastrian army, headed by the energetic Queen Margaret, who had many adherents in Cornwall. His eldest son, Sir Edward, having greatly assisted Henry VII to obtain the crown, was by him created Earl of Devon and Baron of Oakhampton in 1485. [See pp 52, 228.]
The Buller family at a very early period resided in Somersetshire, of whom John Buller married Gorney of Norfolk, and Richard his descendant married Margaret Courtenay of Landrake. Francis their son was Sheriff of Cornwall in 1600, and died in 1615: a sumptuous monument remains at Pelynt in memory of himself, his wife and twelve children. Sir Richard, the eldest son, was seated at Shillingham near Saltash, and represented Cornwall in the House of Commons. In the early part of the civil war, he actively espoused the cause of the parliament. His eldest son Francis was a royalist, and was one of those designed to be specially honoured by Charles II, his estates being valued at L3000 a year, which was more than those of his contemporaries. [See pp 76, 89.]
John Buller, grandson of Sir Richard, represented Liskeard three times, and West Looe once, in the 17th century. Having married Anne, heiress of Walter Coad of Morval, he settled there, and was a generous benefactor to the poor, endowing five chantry schools at Liskeard &c as mentioned at page 178. John Francis Buller his grandson married Rebecca, daughter of Bishop Trelawny, and became heir to kinsman James Buller of Shillingham. He died in 1751, leaving three sons. John, the second son, was the father of John who represented West Looe, and rebuilt the chapel at East Looe, and of Sir Edward Buller of Trenant Park. William, the third son, had the honour, when Dean of Exeter, to entertain George III and the royal family at his palace there in 1789. He was afterwards Bishop of Exeter, and died in 1796. From the eldest son, James Buller of Downes, who married Lady Jane Bathurst, the family at Morval are descended.
[There is further descent in the text.]
See also The Buller Tree. [Seems to refer simply to Visitations.]