Richard Stout c1611-1705

b 1611/1612 Burton Joyce, Nottinghamshire, ENG, d 23 Oct 1705 Perth Amboy, Monmouth, NJ.

Richard Stout is said to have left Nottinghamshire after a disagreement with his father over Richard's choice of a fiancee. The oft-repeated story goes that he joined the English Navy, served out his time and then was discharged in America. Being in New Amsterdam, he served the Dutch, but soon joined the colony of English settlers led by Lady Deborah Moody who had successfully petitioned for permission to establish their community at Gravesend in Brooklyn. I have never seen any official record of Richard's naval service or discharge - and don't know that anyone else has. However, Richard's life from the time of his association with Lady Moody and the Gravesend community is fairly well documented. Here are sources I've found. Of course, no mention of Richard should omit his wife's story: but you'll find that on a separate page.

source: John E. Stillwell, MD.
"Thus far we have ascertained that Rd Stout was a resident of New Amsterdam in the spring of 1643, when he was employed by Gov. Kieft as a soldier in the spring uprising of that year; that he accompanied Lady Moody, with other settlers, to found Gravesend, between her arrival in June, and October of this same year." He was abt 31 or 32 at that time.
source: Lamb's "History of the City of NY", vol. 1 (1877). Summarizing Lamb's account:
In June 1643, Lady Moody settled Gravesend; during Indian attack, the town was defended by 40 men, and the Indians retreated. 1643 was "a year of blood." March 1-4 Indians waged an all-out war on the Dutch; 11 tribes participated. In 1642, Anne Hutchinson, who had left MA for RI with other families and friends, seeking religious freedom, moved to New Netherlands, where she located at "Annie's Hoeck", now Pelham Neck. John Throgmorton & 35 English families settled nearby, and the Dutch Gov. Kieft granted them freedom of worship. On 20 Sep 1643, Anne and all her family except one granddaughter were murdered by the Indians. The Indians then attacked Throgmorton's settlement and killed every person found at home.
Peace was established 30 Aug 1645.
11 May 1647, the "disastrous" administration of Gov. Kieft (sent by the Dutch West Indies Co, and landed at Manhattan 28 Mar 1638) ended. It is said that by that time 1/4 of New Amsterdam consisted of "grog shops" - the city was so out of control under his misadministration. Gov. Kieft sailed for Holland on the Princess, along with the Rev. Ev. Bogardus; the ship was lost, all aboard perished. Keift's successor as Gov. was Peter Stuyvesant.
source: "History of the City of NY"
20 Oct 1655 Gravesend was surrounded by hostile Indians; the residents sent a letter to the Gov. asking for protection, and in response 20 men were sent from New Amsterdam.
source: Rd Salter, historian of Monmouth Co.
"At Gravesend, Rd Stout was the largest landowner. He had 17 ac of his 20-ac farm under cultivation where he raised and sold tobacco, and in 1661 he purchased an adjoining 20 ac. His land bounded the SE corner of the town plat and the property of Lady Moody at the NE edge. ...
"During the some 20 yrs Rd Stout lived at Gravesend with his growing family, he and Capt. John Stout were foremost in planning for settlement across the bay and in obtaining approval of the Dutch Gov. Stuyvesant to negotiate with the Indians for their lands in Jersey."
"Rd Stout was the most prominent of the founders of the new colony at Middletown....Rd Stout was the chief negotiator with the Indians for the purchase of their lands. ... Bowne, Stout... and company would go cutting trees, burning stumps, building zigzag fences, building and planting." He with Capt Bowne and others applied for the Charter of Monmouth; he was among the founders of the first Baptist church in New Jersey.
Quoting from Dr. Reading: "In 1663, a company of Puritans living on Long Island obtained permission from Gov. S. to settle on the banks of the Raritan. A party of abt 20 English, all or nearly all of whom had previously lived in New England colonies, but most of whom had settled on Long Island, set out in a sloop from Gravesend Dec 1663, and settled across the bay in what is now Monmouth Co, for the purpose of purchasing of the Indians with a view to settlement."
"The first purchase of lands from the Indians was dd 25 Jan 1664, the deed for which ran to 6 grantees incl. John Bowne and Rd Stout..." (Lib 3, p1, Co Clerk/Albany)
Note: The English, under Nicolls, took possession of New Amsterdam from Stuyvesant on 8 Sep 1664. Nicolls had anchored in Gravesend Bay when he arrived 18 Aug.
source: "Old Times in Old Monmouth County, NJ," by Salter & Beekman.
The Monmouth Patent from Richard Nicolls: "Whereas there is a certain tract or parcel of land within this government, lying and being near Sandy Point, upon the Main; which sd parcel of land hath been with my consent & approbation bought by some of the inhabitants of Gravesend upon Long Island of the Sachems (chief proprietors thereof) who before me have acknowledged to have received rates for the same, to the end that the sd land may be planted, manned & inhabited, & for divers other good causes & considerations, I have thought fit to give confirm and grant & by these patents do give confirm & grant unto Wm Girlding, Sam'l Spicer, Rd Gibbons, Rd Stout, Jas Grover, John Bown, John Tilton, Nath'l Sylvester, Wm Reape, Walter Clarke, Nich Davis, Obadiah Holmes, patentees, & their association, their heirs, successors & assigns, all that tract & part of the main land, beginning at a certain place commonly called or known by the name of Sandy Point & so running along the bay WNW, till it comes to the mouth of the Raritan River, from thence going along the sd river to the westernmost part of the certain marsh land, which divides the river into 2 parts, & from that point to run in a direct SW line into the woods 12 miles, & thence to turn away SE & by S, until it falls into the main ocean; together with all lands, soils, rivers, creeks, harbors, mines, minerals (Royal mines excepted), quarries, woods ... Seven years next to come after the date of these presents, free from payment of any rents, customs, excise, tax or levy whatsoever ..... then (to pay) the same as others within territories of our Royal Highness ... "
All the grants under that patent were put in jeopardy the very next year, when Carteret arrived July 1665 with his Royal appointment as co-Proprietor of East Jersey. His claim prevailed, but rule was unclear as late as 1681.
source: NJ Colonial Documents: East Jersey Deeds, etc., Liber 3. Text of the Monmouth Patent recorded there only in 1675.
"1675. Here begins the Rights of Land due according to the Concessions. Francis Drake... Michell Smith and wife... Capt. John Berry, wife.... Sam'l Moore.... Nich.Carter .... Rd Stout, of Midleton, wife, sons John, Richard, James, Peter, daughters Mary, Alice, Sarah. Mary Stout is the wife of James Bound; Alice Stout, wife of John Trogmorton, all 1800 ac. ...(other names) ... John Throckmorton and wife, 240 ac., in right of his father John Trogmorton, 240 ac.; Job Throckmorton, 120 ac. ...(others)." Jas `Bound' there = Bowne.
source: NJCD: EJ Patents, etc., Liber 1.
"1676 Jun 28. Patent to Rd Stout of Midleton for: I, 430 ac, a tract called Tanganawamesse, at the head of Romanes Brook; II, 30 ac of meadow, bounded W by Rd Gibbons, N by Navesinks Bay, S by Rd Hartshorne, E by undivided meadow." "1677 Jun 4. Patent to Rd Stout senior of Midleton for 285 ac. there in 6 parcels as described as before."
source: NJCD: EJ Deeds, etc., Liber B.
"1682 Apr 10. Deed. Rd Hartshorne, as Atty for Thos Snowsell, to John Crawford, for 40 ac, bought from Rd Stout and wife Penelope 26 Feb 1679-80, being: I, a homelot; II, 9 ac of upland in the Popular Field; III, ( ac of meadow; IV, 6 ac of meadow on Wakecake Creek.
source: NJCD, EJ Deeds, Liber D. 1687-8 Jan 4.
Deed for part of his patent at Waramaness to son Johnathan; see son's notes.
other deeds to sons: Liber E: "1690 Aug 30. Rd Stout senior and wife Penlope to their son Benjamin Stout, all of Midleton, for a plantation at Romanis or Hop River, SW said river, NW David Stout, NE Wilson's, SE Peter Stout's land; also 6 2/3 ac. of meadow at Conesconk."
Liber D: "1690 Jun 20. Rec 21 May 1694. Deed. Same to his son David Stout, for a lot at Romanis or Hop River, SW said river, SE grantor, NE & NW Bown's land; also 6 2/3 ac of meadow at Conesconk, adj James Stout."
"1690 Jun 29. Deed. Rd Stoutt of Midletoun to his son Pieter, for a lot at Romains or Hop River, Monmouth Co, NE John Wilson, SE a small run, SW Hope R., NW grantor; also 6 2/3 ac of meadow at Conesconck, joining David Stout."
source: NJCD: Calendar of Wills.
"1703 Jun 9. Richard Stout senior of Middletown, will. Wife -. Sons John, Rd, Jas, Jno, David, Benj. Daus Mary, Alse, Sarah. Dau-in-law Marey Stoute and her son John; kinswoman Mary Stoute dau of Peter Stout. Real and personal estate. Execs: sons John & Jno. Wit: Rd Hartshorne, John Weekham, Peter Vandevandeter (?) Proved 23 Oct 1705. Liber 1 p 120 and Monmouth wills. "1705 Oct 6. Inventory of personal estate L 64.8.0, mostly hogs, cattle, horses, sheep, made by Obadiah Bowne & Jas Hubbard."